Michèle Dinies and colleagues from the palynology component of Project CLEAR published two new book chapters on the recent state of knowledge in the analysis of the pollen record from the first master profile, i.e. a series of sediment cores from the southeastern part of the Tayma sabkha. Both contributions target a readership rooted in the field of Arabian archaeology.
The contribution published in a supplement volume of “Routes de l’Orient” adopts a specific perspective on the palaeo-vegetation reconstructed from pollen of the sabkha at Tayma as a natural resource for (semi-)nomad and later sedentary populations at the oasis. A significant increase in grassland – potential pastures – 8700-8000 cal yrs. BP along with limited woodland resources is reported. However, neither this type of vegetation, nor the afterwards dominating desert shrublands show any significant control by humans. Michèle still leaves the case open, whether the increase of olive frequencies identified around 7500 cal yrs. BP is related to cultivation or represents wild species.
Following her talk at the International Congress “The Archaeology of North Arabia – Oases and Landscapes” held at the University of Vienna, 5-8 December 2013, Michèle prepared an insightful overview paper on the reconstruction of vegetation based on her analysis of the pollen record from Tayma along with implications on climate, land use and plant cultivation.
Dinies, M., Neef, R., Plessen, B., Kürschner, H., 2016. Holocene vegetation, climate, land use and plant cultivation in the Tayma region, northwestern Arabia. In: Luciani, M. (ed.), The Archaeology of North Arabia – Oases and Landscapes. Proceedings of the International Congress held at the University of Vienna, 5-8 December, 2013 (=Oriental and European Archaeology 4). Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, pp. 57-77.
Dinies, M., Neef, R., Plessen, B., Kürschner, H., 2016. Holocene vegetation in northwestern Arabia – changing natural resources. In: Goy, J., Bessenay-Prolonge, J., Betouche, A., Decaix, A., Havé, A., Hiblot, S., Perriot, C., Pichon, F. (eds.), Actualités des recherches archéologiques en Arabie. Routes de l’Orient, Hors-Séries 2, 1-19.